» » The Costeşti - Blidaru: Dacia’s Strongest Fortification
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  • Date: 27-02-2015, 14:51
27-02-2015, 14:51

The Costeşti - Blidaru: Dacia’s Strongest Fortification

Category: History / Transylvania / Costeşti-Blidaru

The Costeşti - Blidaru: Dacia’s Strongest FortificationThe south of Transylvania is home to the strongest fortification across the kingdom of Dacia. Most likely, the fortress was built in two successive stages during the reign of Burebista and Decebalus, to serve first as a defense against the Celts, then against the Romans. First, a tower-house was built on the hill, at the altitude of 705 meters, by one of the local aristocrats, before the reign of Burebista. This king ruled between 82 and 44 BC and was assassinated in the same year as his great rival, Julius Caesar. Burebista turned his small kingdom into an empire that stretched from the Black Sea to current Switzerland. During the clashes with the Celts, he built in Costesti - Blidaru a trapezoidal fortress, reinforced by a defence tower at each corner. The entrance into the city was made through these towers. It was a a la chicane or pliers type of entry, which exposed the flanks to the attackers.

Given the Hellenistic type of architecture, the architects of the citadel came most likely from the Greek cities on the Black Sea, which were vassal to the king, although construction technique used was that of murus dacicus. These elements indicate a very plausible cooperation between Greek architects and Dacian craftsmen. The fortress of Blidaru was fortified by King Decebalus, during the clashes between the Roman Empire and Dacia.
Victorious in the first war with the Romans in the year 87, King Decebalus concluded a treaty which granted subsidies and engineers, which were supplied by the Roman Empire. With their help, he built a second enclosure inside the Blidaru Fortress, united with the first enclosure by a common wall. The second enclosure is pentagonal in shape and is reinforced by two defence towers.

The architecture of the fortification is of Roman type, the best at the time. Stone platforms were built along the walls. On the ground floor they were used as storage, while the ceiling sustained the fighting machines created by the Roman engineers who were serving the Dacian king. The two enceintes included an area of 6,000 square meters. Outside the fortress, the Roman engineers have built a water storage space, given that the fortification lacked its own water source. This tank had a capacity of about 200 cubic meters of water. The walls of the Dacian fortress were more than five feet high.

The defensive system of the fortifications also included a dense network of defence and watch towers, which were designed to detect a possible enemy attack just in time, and also to slow down the attackers. Outside the citadel, which has strict military purposes, there were outdoor sanctuaries where the Dacian warriors worshiped their gods. The fortress of Costesti - Blidaru was conquered and destroyed during the last Dacian War of 105-106, and has not been rebuilt since then. The archaeological research began in 1924 and continues to this day.

Travel info: The distance Bucharest - Costeşti is 391 km and there are 160 kilometres between Cluj-Napoca and Costeşti.

Photo: R. Mateescu
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Sovanrithy

2 June 2017 10:16

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Well, Dacia’s Strongest Fortification is getting weaker passing through time. I saw on http://www.ninjaessays.org/ discussion regarding the strength, the power it contained back earlier.
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Gabriel din America

7 June 2017 21:14

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Am crescut in aceasta zona,am fost intr-o tabara la Gintaga pe cind eram in clasa a 3-a cca 1953 am crescut bun sau rau asta este am fost professor de liceu in Bucuresti,ghid de munte si de autocar zona ma intereseaza- nu existau hartile din satelit pe timpul lui Nicu cel mai.Nimeni nu poate sti istoria Daciei decit daca I se comunica de la Spiritul Sfint al Creatorului.eu am misiunea sa scriu dar inca cercetez:Reflectorul este pe: Comoara Dacilor si Costesti Blidaru se pare ca a fost locul pazit strasnic de catre soldatii daci deoarece aicis-ar fi aflat aurul argintul si alte parti ale comorii dacilor. Diurepanes care a fost poreclit mai tirziu Decebalus per Scorilo afost silit de situatie si se pare ca prin 205 ar fi mutat acest tezaur intr-o groapa facuta in albia Streiului dupa ce a facut o "secatura"; se pare ca a fost pus in saci captusiti cu untura ,groapa a fost astupata,riul revenit la matca,romanii cuceresc Bicilis tradeaza romanii gasesc comoara imensa seaca riul,o dezgroapa si o transporta sub mare paza la Roma.Groapa unde a fost ascunsa comoara este aproape imposibil de gasit dar un alt amanunt a scapat arheologilor: Cei care au lucrat au fost detinuti in lanturi,dupa ce au terminat ingroparea comorii au sapat alta groapa unde au fost omoriti si ingropati ei cu catuse cu tot. Este posibil ca dupa cca 1900 de ani sa mai existe aceste schelete cu lovituri de sabie la cap aproape de locul comorii,aproape de Costesti Blidaaru. De acolo prin Gintaga dacii lui Decebal au luat un drum printre munti pina la pestera Cioclovina unde s-au omorit ca un sacrificiu pentru zeii lor pagini. Bicilis a tradat i-a ajutat pe romani sa descopere cadavrele I-au taiat capul si mina dreapta lui Diurepanes si le-au trimis la Roma. Exista cineva printre Dvs. care are talent si experienta in munti cu care sa pot coresponda Contact Gabriel din America em cleanspringsforlife@gmail.com Cu stima si respect sa gasim adevarata istorie cu ajutorul Creatorului caci sunt multe pe care nu le stiti. /over/
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Ella Moxon

15 September 2017 10:20

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The individuals who worked were held in chains after they had completed the process of covering treasure burrowed another pit where they were slaughtered and covered her with cuffs what not. It is conceivable that after around 1900 years to exist these skeletons with swords head close where the fortune close Costesti Blidaaru. Gintaga there by Decebal's Dacia took a street through the mountains until the point when Cioclovina give in where they were executed as a give up to their divine beings page.- Kerala tours

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