» » The Horezu Monastery – the Architectural Gem of the Brâncovenesc Style
Article information
  • Views: 9855
  • Author: admin
  • Date: 27-02-2015, 15:45
27-02-2015, 15:45

The Horezu Monastery – the Architectural Gem of the Brâncovenesc Style

Category: History / Oltenia / Horezu

The Horezu Monastery – the Architectural Gem of the Brâncovenesc StyleThe Brâncovenesc style, also called Romanian Baroque, is one of the most important Romanian art trends. Its denomination comes from the Prince of Wallachia, Constantin Brâncoveanu, who is celebrated as a saint in the Romanian Orthodox Church. It was he who encouraged the development of this style which blends Baroque elements, characteristic of Venice, traditional Romanian elements, as well as Balkan and Byzantine features. One of the masterpieces of the Brâncovenesc Style is the Horezu Monastery, located in the south of Romania. This is without doubt the most appealing monastic centre in this part of the country. The main structure of the monastery is the church dedicated to Saints Constantine and Helena. This structure was built between 1690 and 1692 and was consecrated on September 8, 1693, on the celebration of the birth of the Virgin Mary. The church was destined to become the necropolis of Wallachia’s princely family, but Prince Constantin Brâncoveanu and his sons were killed in Constantinople, at the Sultan’s order, who accused the Wallachian ruler of treason. As proof of the significance of this establishment, the prince appointed the boyard Pârvu Cantacuzino, his relative, to supervise the construction and decorative work. Following the death of Pârvu Cantacuzino, in 1691, the work was supervised by the great former military boyard, Cernica Știrbei.

An Ecclesiastical Haven

The church dedicated to the Saints Constantine and Helena is located in the centre of the inner court of the monastic assembly. This site accommodates the Bolnița Church, founded by Princess Maria Brâncoveanu, the wife of Constantin Brâncoveanu. The first abbot of the monastery, John, erected the Monastery of the Holy Apostles, while the eldest son of the ruler, Prince Stefan, built the Hermitage of Saint Stephen. The Church of the Saints Constantine and Helena is built following a three-cusped plan, reminiscent of the shape of a Greek cross. The model that inspired the builders of this place of worship is the church in the Curtea de Arges Monastery. The Horezu Monastery Church has a porch with 10 columns of stone, characteristic of the late Renaissance. The church’s facades are decorated with rectangular panels and alcoves with hoops. The frame of the entrance is made of stone and the church features the Wallachian coat of arms and the Cantacuzino family crest, who was related to Brâncoveanu. The mural painting was masterfully created by Greek and Romanian craftsmen, also the Byzantine canons are enriched with traditional Italian and Romanian influences. In addition to the icons of the saints, the painting reveals an illustrated history of the Emperor Constantine, who legalized Christianity in the Roman Empire and is considered a Saint in the Orthodox Church.

The altar screen of this church was carved from linden wood and then gilded. The church also preserves silver candles. The altar screen and the candles were a gift from Princess Maria Brâncoveanu. The inner court of the monastery also comprises the princely residence located in the south. It is an authentic mansion reserved for family members, and above it we can see the bell tower of the monastery rising. There is also a council hall, where Prince Constantin Brâncoveanu met with members of his court and the princes of Wallachia.

The northern part of the inner court hosts the monk’s chambers, which are built on two levels and bordered by arcades. In the eastern part we find the refectory or the dining hall, with the chapel located above it. The west side of the court features a brick wall, while the inner court is protected by an outer enclosure, with strong walls and an imposing gateway. Later on, between 1725 and 1753, the abbot Dionysius Bălăcescu built a stone chapel inside the inner court.

The Horezu Monastery was not only an ecclesiastical centre, but also a cultural one. Prince Constantin Brâncoveanu endowed the monastery with one of the most impressive libraries in Southeast Europe, with 4,000 volumes that survive to this day. Among the volumes stored in this library we find books printed in Basel, such as Homer's Odyssey, printed in 1541, or the Tragedies of Euripides, printed in 1551, and also some copied by hand by the monks of the monastery. For a long time, a school of manuscripts copyists operated inside the Horezu Monastery, as well as a painting and sculpture school. The Brâncovenesc style used sculpture as an annex of painting, because in the Byzantine tradition, sculpture could not have any religious role.

The opening to Western influences was encouraged by the Prince's personal ties with other royal houses of Europe. In 1695, Constantin Brâncoveanu received the title of Prince of the Roman-German Empire. Horezu Monastery is a good example of the synthesis of Byzantine and Romanian traditions and influences from northern Italy. The monastic haven extends over a surface of about three hectares. From its establishment until 1872, Horezu Monastery was inhabited by monks, and from that date onwards it became a nunnery. The monastery was restored several times. It was included on the World Heritage List in 1995.

Travel info: Distance București – Horezu is 218 kilometres. There are 314 kilometers between Cluj-Napoca and the Horezu Monastery.

Photo: George Trandafir, [url=http://]www.touringromania.com[/url]
Dear visitor, you are browsing our website as Guest.
We strongly recommend you to register and login to view hidden contents.
<
online pharmacies canada

24 September 2021 19:34

Article information
  • Group: Guests
  • Registered date: --
  • Status:
  • Articles: 0
  • Comments: 0
<
agen judi

26 September 2021 10:09

Article information
  • Group: Guests
  • Registered date: --
  • Status:
  • Articles: 0
  • Comments: 0
KakakTogel adalah bandar togel online terpercaya yang menghadirkan beragam taruhan online, seperti live casino, judi slot, tembak ikan dan sports http://entsaintetienne.free.fr/claroline1110/courses/JUDIONLINE_001/document/amp
.html
.
<
Game Gacor Terpercaya

27 September 2021 09:40

Article information
  • Group: Guests
  • Registered date: --
  • Status:
  • Articles: 0
  • Comments: 0
Judiuang.com sebuah situs judi untuk daftar slot online yang dimainkan dengan uang asli dengan layanan terbaik dan terpercaya semua game terbaru dan bisa deposit via pulsa juga.
Add WA +62 813-9070-2365
<
sad

28 September 2021 15:47

Article information
  • Group: Guests
  • Registered date: --
  • Status:
  • Articles: 0
  • Comments: 0
<a href="https://www.kagider.org/사트이"> 사트이</a> 사트이 [https://www.kagider.org/사트이 사트이] 사트이 [link=https://www.kagider.com/사트이]사트이[/link]

I actually learned here on your site. I wonder how you came up with this idea. Especially your webmaster is really awesome with this work. Can’t wait to hear your reply as I’m thinking to discuss more with you. I hope you recognize me. 토토사이트
<
JUDI UANG

5 October 2021 13:36

Article information
  • Group: Guests
  • Registered date: --
  • Status:
  • Articles: 0
  • Comments: 0
judi uang sebuah situs judi untuk daftar slot online yang dimainkan dengan uang asli dengan layanan terbaik dan terpercaya semua game terbaru dan bisa deposit via pulsa juga.
Add WA +62 813-9070-2365
<
Ieuan Ventura

6 October 2021 11:53

Article information
  • Group: Guests
  • Registered date: --
  • Status:
  • Articles: 0
  • Comments: 0
This is the reason and sign to Look outside the box of your ideas. To look on beyond the experience and work of others just to have a justification of your outcome. Great day dude. เล่นสล็อตออนไลน์
<
rx drugs in canada

11 October 2021 03:17

Article information
  • Group: Guests
  • Registered date: --
  • Status:
  • Articles: 0
  • Comments: 0
<
canada cialis

11 October 2021 06:58

Article information
  • Group: Guests
  • Registered date: --
  • Status:
  • Articles: 0
  • Comments: 0
<
official canadian pharmacy

11 October 2021 07:17

Article information
  • Group: Guests
  • Registered date: --
  • Status:
  • Articles: 0
  • Comments: 0
<
Kianna Landry

13 October 2021 05:33

Article information
  • Group: Guests
  • Registered date: --
  • Status:
  • Articles: 0
  • Comments: 0
Instead of just giving positive feedback i wanted to give you a little approach. We the SEO look and search all the time for good quality websites and as i come here, you are one on a million that i visited. And we always hope for a good benefit from each other. Please allow us to have a word with you. You can contact me anytime. Have a great day. You might wanna visit ours: บาคาร่า
<
tadalafil walmart

16 October 2021 20:11

Article information
  • Group: Guests
  • Registered date: --
  • Status:
  • Articles: 0
  • Comments: 0
<
tadalafil cost

17 October 2021 01:18

Article information
  • Group: Guests
  • Registered date: --
  • Status:
  • Articles: 0
  • Comments: 0
<
canadian mail order pharmacy reviews

17 October 2021 06:44

Article information
  • Group: Guests
  • Registered date: --
  • Status:
  • Articles: 0
  • Comments: 0
<
BURSA188

17 October 2021 19:29

Article information
  • Group: Guests
  • Registered date: --
  • Status:
  • Articles: 0
  • Comments: 0
yuk dicoba bermain langsung di <a href="https://172.105.117.133/">bursa188</a> dengan keuntungan yang besar bagi pemain di tempat kami. Menyediakan berbagai macam permainan yang sangat gacor dan seru sehingga membuat ketagihan tanpa bisa berhenti bermain.

yuk dicoba bermain langsung di BURSA188 dengan keuntungan yang besar bagi pemain di tempat kami. Menyediakan berbagai macam permainan yang sangat gacor dan seru sehingga membuat ketagihan tanpa bisa berhenti bermain.
<
NishaKnapp

29 October 2021 11:22

Article information
  • Group: Guests
  • Registered date: --
  • Status:
  • Articles: 0
  • Comments: 0
Who would have thought something, so simple, could go so viral to us. You have a unique content in your website. I am so happy that I came here. Keep it up. 토토사이트

You effectively manage your team and conduct specific task to have these incredible features and content. I would love to make this my guide. Thanks. 안전사설토토사이트추천
<
irakavana

9 November 2021 13:11

Article information
  • Group: Guests
  • Registered date: --
  • Status:
  • Articles: 0
  • Comments: 0
Masih mencari dan bingung dalam memlih situs<a href="https://label138.fun/"> judi online</a> di tahun 2021? Anda berada di situs yang tepat untuk bermain <a href="https://label138.fun/">judi online. </a>Banyak situs <a href="https://label138.fun/">judi online</a> penipu tapi di <a href="https://label138.fun/">Label 138 </a>menyediakan betting online ternyaman tercepat dan kemenangan berapapun pasti dibayar lunas. Setiap game<a href="https://label138.fun/"> slot online</a> yang ada di <a href="https://label138.fun/">Label138</a> memiliki keunikan serta variasi tersendiri dalam bermain. Memang game<a href="https://label138.fun/"> slot online</a> merupakan permainan paling populer karena sangat menantang bagi para pemain dalam melakukan taruhan. Permainan tersebut mempunyai jutaan member aktif setiap harinya untuk melakukan putaran mesin <a href="https://label138.fun/">slot.</a>

https://label138.fun/
<
amnaseo

12 November 2021 09:37

Article information
  • Group: Guests
  • Registered date: --
  • Status:
  • Articles: 0
  • Comments: 0
Yes I used to be looking for some thing like that and that i found it. Thanks a lot for discussing the info.satka matka
<
dadilumbung

12 November 2021 13:55

Article information
  • Group: Guests
  • Registered date: --
  • Status:
  • Articles: 0
  • Comments: 0
Masih mencari dan bingung dalam memlih situs judi online di tahun 2021? Anda berada di situs yang tepat untuk bermain judi online. Banyak situs judi online penipu tapi di Lumbung 88 menyediakan betting online ternyaman tercepat dan kemenangan berapapun pasti dibayar lunas. Setiap game slot online yang ada di Lumbung88 memiliki keunikan serta variasi tersendiri dalam bermain. Memang game slot online merupakan permainan paling populer karena sangat menantang bagi para pemain dalam melakukan taruhan. Permainan tersebut mempunyai jutaan member aktif setiap harinya untuk melakukan putaran mesin slot.

https://s.id/IGE-E
<
harmeetkaur

24 November 2021 07:01

Article information
  • Group: Guests
  • Registered date: --
  • Status:
  • Articles: 0
  • Comments: 0
Hi , this is my name is harmit kaur & I love from Chandigarh Escorts. I just the visit my site and the men the best sexual Click onto my links & our partner links so that your life becomes super charming.
visit us;-
My Webpage
http://www.minikaur.com/
http://www.preetshetty.com/
https://www.manvikakkar.com/
http://www.anusaxena.com/
https://www.delhiescorts.club/
http://www.kiranbajaj.com/
http://www.shreyasehgal.in/
https://www.ashnaimittal.com/
<
arnold dk

26 November 2021 07:18

Article information
  • Group: Guests
  • Registered date: --
  • Status:
  • Articles: 0
  • Comments: 0
Nice article, it is a very good historical Monastery. that's great information about the horezu monastery. This very nice design of the Monastery. <a href="https://gbplusapps.com/">whatsapp mod</a>

Nice article, it is a very good historical Monastery. that's great information about the horezu monastery. This very nice design of the Monastery. https://gbplusapps.com/
Previous Next

Add comments

Name:*
E-Mail:
Comment:
Bold Italic Underline Strike | Align left Center Align right | Insert smilies Insert link URLInsert protected URL Select color | Add Hidden Text Insert Quote Convert selected text from selection to Cyrillic (Russian) alphabet Insert spoiler
Security Code: *
^