» » Sarmisegetuza - the Spiritual Centre of the Dacians
Article information
  • Views: 5260
  • Author: admin
  • Date: 4-02-2015, 19:25
4-02-2015, 19:25

Sarmisegetuza - the Spiritual Centre of the Dacians

Category: History / Transylvania / Sarmisegetuza

Sarmisegetuza - the Spiritual Centre of the DaciansOne of the most spectacular ancient settlements in Romania is the capital of the ancient kingdom of Dacia, Sarmisegetuza Regia or Sarmisegetuza Basileion. We are referring to a settlement compared by some Romanian historians with Stonehenge in Britain. Other historians consider it as the centre of the most intricate system of fortifications in Europe, outside the Greco-Roman world, the so- called "barbaric" world. Sarmisegetuza was the residence of the tragic king Decebalus, who was murdered or committed suicide after being defeated by the Romans. Sarmisegetuza was only conquered after a long siege, following the Roman invasions in the years 101-102 and 105-106, after the besiegers managed to destroy the system of pipes that was supplying water to the garrison defending the city. Sarmisegetuza’s demise equated with the symbolic disappearance of a people, and for the Romanians, this dramatic story resembles that of the fall of Troy. A Name with Unknown Meanings

Little is known about the Dacian language, however, some historians, such as Constantin Daicoviciu, Liviu Mărghitan or Ioan Russu, believe that Sarmisegetuza means the Cliff Fortress or the High Fortress. However, it is clear that Sarmisegetuza was the political, military and religious centre of the Dacian kingdom. The citadel of Sarmisegetuza is the largest fortress in the kingdom of Decebalus. The fortress is located on a cliff at an altitude of 1,200 metres. It was the centre of a strategic defense system comprised of six fortresses. The fortress of Sarmisegetuza was in fact a quadrilateral structure made of massive blocks of stone, assembled according to a model known by historians by the Latin name of murus dacicus. More precisely, the city wall consisted of two parallel walls of massive stone, which was placed between a filling of clay and gravel. The two walls were connected by oak beams, whose heads were carved in the shape of a dovetail. Sometimes the ends of the beams were reinforced with lead. The fortified enceinte sheltered five overlapping terraces, with an area of 30,000 square metres.

The wall of the city was three metres thick and had a height of 4-5 metres. The configuration of the fortified enclosure took advantage of the conditions offered by the mountainous terrain. To the west lay a fortified enclosure which was the largest civil settlement, the capital of the Dacian kingdom.
The area of this civil settlement measured approximately three square kilometres. There were civilian homes, craftsmen workshops, warehouses, wells and water tanks. Archaeological research has revealed that both metallurgical and ceramic workshops were creating high quality and refined products. For instance, the gold and silver jewellery crafted by artisans of Sarmisegetuza had remarkable finesse. Precious metals were brought from the Apuseni Mountains. Sarmisegetuza’s craftsmen also specialized in processing iron. The largest deposit of iron ingots in Europe was discovered in the area, after that of Bologna in northern Italy. On the other side of the civil settlement, at a distance of approximately 100 metres from the Dacian fortress, we come across a religious compound. The most remarkable sanctuary is shaped like a sun made from andesite. The sanctuary was used for the worship of the Dacian gods. Zamolxis was the Supreme Deity and this god was worshipped alongside the goddess of the Moon, Bendis, or sun god, Gebeleizis.

The Roman conquest
The development of Sarmisegetuza reached its climax during Decebalus, who was completely defeated by the Romans in 106. After the Roman conquest, a military detachment of the vexilatio type belonging to Legion IV Flavia Felix was installed in the Dacian fortress. This oversaw the dismantling and destruction of the civil fortification. The new capital of the Roman province of Dacia Felix was set at a distance of approximately 40 km and was founded by the governor of the new imperial provinces, Decimus Terentius Scaurianus. The Roman city was named Colonia Ulpia Traiana Augusta Dacica. But in 118, the Emperor Hadrian added the name Sarmisegetuza in memory of the ancient Dacian capital, destroyed and abandoned. The ruins of Sarmisegetuza were abandoned until 1923, when researchers at the University of Cluj began working on an archaeological site that still has many surprises in store.

A mixed character

The capital of the Dacian kingdom was a settlement with a mixed character. The garrison that guarded the king was located there. It also accommodated the great aristocrats of the kingdom, called tarabostes, and priests, artisans or the ordinary people called comati. The road to Sarmisegetuza was guarded by numerous fortresses and towers which gave the city a grand aspect. The southern slope of Mount Grădiştea was cut into several successive terraces over the length of about six kilometres. On these terraces many buildings of stone and wood were built.

The capital was served by a very good network of roads, water pipes and drainage channels, a sign of the high degree of material civilization reached by the Dacians. As a curiosity, archaeologists discovered a huge water decanter made of fir, with a capacity of 3,000 litres. The fact that the Dacian fortress was burned down by the Romans allowed the preservation of charred seeds in the barns used by the Dacians. They had several varieties of wheat, millet, barley, rye, lentils, mustard, bean and rapeseed, which provides clues about the nutrition of the Dacians, who raised cattle, sheep, goats, pigs and horses, but also practiced hunting or fishing.
The archaeological investigations are far from complete and Sarmisegetuza still preserves many mysteries. The Dacian civilization was particularly original, but, unfortunately, many details about the people were lost in the mists of history and still remain unknown.

The Dacians were quickly romanized, and their language, which had no written form, was forgotten. Anthropologists and ethnologists believe, however, that their spirituality and traditions were preserved through the ages and have deeply influenced the folk heritage of Romanians, who are descendants of Romanized Dacians, mixed with Slavs, Cumans and other migratory populations.
Photo credit: Ionuţ Vaida
Dear visitor, you are browsing our website as Guest.
We strongly recommend you to register and login to view hidden contents.
<
C.H.I. Roofing

5 December 2019 11:45

Article information
  • Group: Guests
  • Registered date: --
  • Status:
  • Articles: 0
  • Comments: 0
Thank you very much for this useful article. I like it. We C.H.I. Roofing is now offering different services Roofing, Siding, Windows, Gutters, Commercial. Call Now!
<
aliya arora

9 December 2019 11:28

Article information
  • Group: Guests
  • Registered date: --
  • Status:
  • Articles: 0
  • Comments: 0
not incredibly horrendous! Put it on your work. You are giving head information to customers. I even Delhi finest escort service heard a relative information. Keep up your work

Impossibly this heavenly post depends on that you have balanced us. Site and a notable subject, for instance, I am really baffled to isolate it. Better than ordinary sexy female Delhi escorts
<
JT PUBLISHING

11 December 2019 08:37

Article information
  • Group: Guests
  • Registered date: --
  • Status:
  • Articles: 0
  • Comments: 0
Good Work, It's very interesting! I want to read more of you works! Visit us now JT PUBLISHING, The Standard for Publishing Companies in Denver. Call Now!
<
Taniya Khan

12 December 2019 07:11

Article information
  • Group: Guests
  • Registered date: --
  • Status:
  • Articles: 0
  • Comments: 0
A very nice website thanks for sharing such a great information with us.Thanks for sharing.
Escorts in Chennai
Ahmedabad Escorts
<
Medicine Hat Plumbing Services

16 December 2019 14:15

Article information
  • Group: Guests
  • Registered date: --
  • Status:
  • Articles: 0
  • Comments: 0
Good Day, Very Interesting Post! We do Plumbing Repairs & Inspections. For Information visit our website: Medicine Hat Plumbing Services

Thanks for sharing this information.

--- Bathroom Renovations Calgary
<
suman rajput

27 December 2019 13:26

Article information
  • Group: Guests
  • Registered date: --
  • Status:
  • Articles: 0
  • Comments: 0
This is very educational content and written well for a change. It's nice to see that some people still understand how to write a quality post.
<a href="http://www.surbhisinha.in/">Delhi Call Girls</a>
<
suman rajput

27 December 2019 13:29

Article information
  • Group: Guests
  • Registered date: --
  • Status:
  • Articles: 0
  • Comments: 0
i am glad to have visited this site. It is a well-designed site and also contains useful information for the visitors.
Escort in Delhi

I really like this post it was radiant and organizing post. I must state I acknowledge to scrutinizing this article you're really amazing for sharing this
article and keep on extraordinary work.
Delhi Escorts Agency

Love to read your article. Thanks. Way of expressing your knowledge through words, it touches my heart. Your words in the article give lots of exposure to students
of schools/colleges.
Mahipalpur Escorts
Aerocity Escort
Call Girls in Karol Bagh
VIP Dwarka Escorts Service
South Delhi Escorts
Uttam Nagar Escorts Agency
Connaught Place Call Girls
Escorts in Munirka
Independent Escorts in Green Park
Vasant Kunj Escorts
<
Longviewroofing

8 January 2020 11:12

Article information
  • Group: Guests
  • Registered date: --
  • Status:
  • Articles: 0
  • Comments: 0
I read it all, I love it! We are the best roofing Longview TX company, we're now offering different kind of services such as commercial, residential, roof repair, Gutters, Christmas Lights. Contact Us Now!
<
riya

15 January 2020 07:40

Article information
  • Group: Guests
  • Registered date: --
  • Status:
  • Articles: 0
  • Comments: 0
This article has given an excellent measure of data on this astonishing point.
Banaswadi Escorts
Electronic City Escorts
<
Webhostingschoice

16 January 2020 15:25

Article information
  • Group: Guests
  • Registered date: --
  • Status:
  • Articles: 0
  • Comments: 0
Grab the amazing 90 off coupon code of Hostgator and host your webiste at a very reasonable prices. The deal is on so grab it now and save a huge of cash. HostGator 90 Off Coupon Code
<
Scuba Diving Tours

17 January 2020 08:47

Article information
  • Group: Guests
  • Registered date: --
  • Status:
  • Articles: 0
  • Comments: 0
This tour is for beginners – no prior scuba or swimming experience is required! Whether you’ve never even seen a scuba tank in person or you’re a certified diver already, your Puerto Rico dive will be amazing.
https://tryscubadiving.com/san-juan/scuba-diving-tours/
<
Bluehost Coupons

18 January 2020 14:45

Article information
  • Group: Guests
  • Registered date: --
  • Status:
  • Articles: 0
  • Comments: 0
Bluehost web hosting platform is reliable as well as flexible. Host your website on this platform with the bluehost coupon code
<
Trippy Kavya

22 January 2020 14:06

Article information
  • Group: Guests
  • Registered date: --
  • Status:
  • Articles: 0
  • Comments: 0
I went over this site and I should state I'm totally pulled in at what I'm seeing <a href="http://www.dreamgirlsbangalore.com/">High-Class Call Girls in Bangalore</a> I regard the stupifying way you can truly feel such love and such help just on the site alone.

I went over this site and I should state I'm totally pulled in at what I'm seeing Model Call Girls in Bangalore I regard the stupifying way you can truly feel such love and such help just on the site alone.
<
Hart Roofing Inc

28 January 2020 08:37

Article information
  • Group: Guests
  • Registered date: --
  • Status:
  • Articles: 0
  • Comments: 0
Thanks for sharing! If you are looking for a roofing company visit our website and view our services such as Storm Damage, Roof Replacement, Roof Repair, Roof Maintenance, Roof Installation, etc or contact us at (720) 283-7997.
<
Anne

31 January 2020 09:19

Article information
  • Group: Guests
  • Registered date: --
  • Status:
  • Articles: 0
  • Comments: 0
You may know Gmail is the most used email service with 1 billion users. With a Gmail account, you also have an Google account that give you permission to access all Google products: Google Drive, Google Hangouts, Google Photos, Google Play, Youtube, Blogger... without signing up again with help from email login
<
riya

4 February 2020 13:16

Article information
  • Group: Guests
  • Registered date: --
  • Status:
  • Articles: 0
  • Comments: 0
Hey there, You have done a fantastic job. I will definitely digg it and personally recommend to my friends.
Bhiwadi Escorts
<
priyatakur bill

11 February 2020 10:00

Article information
  • Group: Guests
  • Registered date: --
  • Status:
  • Articles: 0
  • Comments: 0
http://www.priyatakur.com/Bellandur-Call-Girls.html
http://www.priyatakur.com/Kr-Puram-Escorts-Services.html
http://www.priyatakur.com/
http://www.priyatakur.com/call-girls-marathahalli.html
http://www.priyatakur.com/jp-nagar-escorts.html
https://priyatakur.blogspot.com/?m=1
http://www.priyatakur.com/Madiwala-Call-Girls.html
<
Mike Davis

2 March 2020 16:19

Article information
  • Group: Guests
  • Registered date: --
  • Status:
  • Articles: 0
  • Comments: 0
Nice article!! Thanks for sharing. I really like your blog. It is very informative. Each & every person easily understands. Thank You. If you are facing system crashing issues and want to optimize your Windows system then update your system with free driver updater software Which helps to resolve all your issues and keep your system up to date.

The content that you share with us is really informative and it gives us the knowledge of how things are. You should think about telling us something about 123Movies.
<
ankita dave

21 March 2020 13:18

Article information
  • Group: Guests
  • Registered date: --
  • Status:
  • Articles: 0
  • Comments: 0
I am genuinely getting a charge out of scrutinizing your exquisitely formed articles. No doubt you Escorts in Mumbai spend a lot of effort and time on your blog. I have bookmarked it and I am envisioning examining new articles. Continue doing great.
<
Jenny

2 April 2020 09:37

Article information
  • Group: Guests
  • Registered date: --
  • Status:
  • Articles: 0
  • Comments: 0
wow! What great content! I found your blog on google and loved reading it greatly. It is a great post indeed. Much obliged to you and good fortunes. keep sharing.
https://www.couponstechie.com/promo-codes/zenmate-coupon-code
<
daisy

3 April 2020 12:16

Article information
  • Group: Guests
  • Registered date: --
  • Status:
  • Articles: 0
  • Comments: 0
Great article with an astounding thought! Appreciative to you for such a basic article. I truly perceive for this superb data.
Norton Coupon Codes

This is a decent post. This post gives genuinely quality data. I'm most likely going to investigate it. To an extraordinary degree unbelievably pleasing bits of knowledge are given here. Much appreciation to you to such an extent. Keep up the exhibits of attentiveness
ZanMate coupon code
<
Stella Martin

21 April 2020 09:21

Article information
  • Group: Guests
  • Registered date: --
  • Status:
  • Articles: 0
  • Comments: 0
Get a heavy relief from a large payment because our Kaspersky Offers are here available at given link.

Kaspersky products are very well known all over the world. You will get a very heavy discount and offers if you apply our Kaspersky Discounts on your every purchase. You will get a very genuine and best offers for your purchase.
<
daisy allman

27 April 2020 10:45

Article information
  • Group: Guests
  • Registered date: --
  • Status:
  • Articles: 0
  • Comments: 0
I read your post and it's a lot of useful and helpful for everyone ad I told my all friends about this informative post they really appreciate your post and me also.
thanks for sharing with us.
top 10 things
<
aahna singh

9 May 2020 11:37

Article information
  • Group: Guests
  • Registered date: --
  • Status:
  • Articles: 0
  • Comments: 0
You are highly talented! The way you present the information and facts to all of us is really captivating. Please share something about movie streaming like Putlockers website? I’m sure everyone will love that.
<
Manish

11 May 2020 13:55

Article information
  • Group: Guests
  • Registered date: --
  • Status:
  • Articles: 0
  • Comments: 0
Your writing leaves me a lot of experience and a deep impression, I hope you will have more and better articles in the near future to share with readers.
Hindi Song
Punjabi Songs Lyrics
<
savana

18 May 2020 08:41

Article information
  • Group: Guests
  • Registered date: --
  • Status:
  • Articles: 0
  • Comments: 0
I read your article then I ended up acquainted with your article is magnificent since you have been ceaselessly posted
enlightening data with outrageous center interests. I regard your start and end article and Blog
<a href="http://www.tuftnneedlecoupons.com/">Tuft And Needle Deals</a>
<
Jack

18 May 2020 14:09

Article information
  • Group: Guests
  • Registered date: --
  • Status:
  • Articles: 0
  • Comments: 0
Cool you inscribe, the info is really salubrious further fascinating, I'll give you a connect to my scene.
niche blog comment
<
sswe

19 May 2020 01:44

Article information
  • Group: Guests
  • Registered date: --
  • Status:
  • Articles: 0
  • Comments: 0
You understand your projects stand out of the crowd. There is something unique about them. It seems to me all of them are brilliant. חבילה לטורקיה
<
PETER12 PETER12

23 May 2020 05:19

Article information
  • Group: Guests
  • Registered date: --
  • Status:
  • Articles: 0
  • Comments: 0
Thank you so much for sharing this great blog.Very inspiring and helpful too.Hope you continue to share more of your ideas.I will definitely love to read. ui ux design agency

Add comments

Name:*
E-Mail:
Comment:
Bold Italic Underline Strike | Align left Center Align right | Insert smilies Insert link URLInsert protected URL Select color | Add Hidden Text Insert Quote Convert selected text from selection to Cyrillic (Russian) alphabet Insert spoiler
Security Code: *
^