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  • Views: 2635
  • Author: admin
  • Date: 27-02-2015, 13:32
27-02-2015, 13:32

Sighișoara, Dracula’s Medieval Citadel

Category: History / Transylvania / Sighişoara

Sighișoara, Dracula’s Medieval CitadelSighişoara, the best preserved medieval citadel in Transylvania, is the place where the historical character Vlad Tepeş was born, the one who inspired the most famous vampire story in the world, Dracula. Sighişoara is a beautiful place with an incredibly romantic vibe. The medieval fortress withstood fires and sieges, waves of plague, including cholera, Tatars and Turkish assaults. The old Saxon city was and still is a real historical gem, because little has changed over the centuries. Sighişoara is important not only for its military history, culture and the arts, but also for viticulture. Here was discovered for the first time in the interwar period, the most famous variety of Romanian grape-vines, Fetească Regală, from which the best Romanian white wine is produced.
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  • Views: 3560
  • Author: admin
  • Date: 27-02-2015, 13:18
27-02-2015, 13:18

Saschiz, the Village of the Three Medieval Fortifications

Category: History / Transylvania

Saschiz, the Village of the Three Medieval Fortifications Saschiz has a most intriguing story. This South Transylvanian village was founded by the Székelys who colonized the area after the Hungarian Kingdom conquered Transylvania. At the time, Saschiz was placed under Saxon dominion, while the Székelys migrated to the Eastern Carpathians. Living under constant threat of Cuman, Mongol, Tatar, Turkish, Wallachian or Moldavian invasions, the residents of Saschiz built a genuine medieval citadel. In those days, Saschiz was known as the "Village of the seven churches." Not all have survived and nowadays the settlement is known as the village with three fortifications.
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  • Views: 3229
  • Author: admin
  • Date: 4-02-2015, 19:59
4-02-2015, 19:59

The Church of Ieud, the Ultimate Expression of the Creative Genius of Maramureş

Category: History / Maramureș / Ieud

The Church of Ieud, the Ultimate Expression of the Creative Genius of MaramureşThe wooden church of Ieud Deal is a masterpiece in itself. The Church is the most representative example of the value of Alexander Ponehalschi’s painting. The church was founded by nobles from the local family of Balea who had to climb the ladder of Maramureş’ aristocracy. The Greek Catholic Church of Ieud has an austere exterior appearance, which is toned down on the inside thanks to the refined sculpture of the consoles, as well as the bright colours of the mural. Since 1900, John Mihaly of Apşa included the church in Ieud among the most beautiful churches in Maramureş.
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  • Views: 2579
  • Author: admin
  • Date: 4-02-2015, 19:54
4-02-2015, 19:54

The River of Fire in the church of Deseşti

Category: History / Maramureș / Deseşti

The River of Fire in the church of Deseşti
The Deseşti Church is representative for the eighteenth century Maramures architecture. The manner in which the remarkable mural and the iconostasis were made is post-Byzantine. There are several controversies on the exact dating of the church. Tit Bud dated it in 1770 and Alexander Baboş in 1780, when the inscriptions discovered by historians attested to the painting of this place of worship. The paintings cover all three classic rooms: the altar, the nave and the narthex. The inscription states that the painting of the church was paid for by the Boyars of the village.
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  • Views: 3270
  • Author: admin
  • Date: 4-02-2015, 19:35
4-02-2015, 19:35

The Dacian Fortress of Băniţa

Category: History / Transylvania / Băniţa

The Dacian Fortress of BăniţaThe Dacian fortress in Băniţa has a peculiar configuration. The fortress leverages one of the most important points that dominate the Jiu Valley. Built during the reign of Burebista and fortified during the Dacian-Roman wars, the fortress was intended to protect the road to the capital of Dacia, Sarmisegetuza Regia.
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  • Views: 4782
  • Author: admin
  • Date: 4-02-2015, 19:25
4-02-2015, 19:25

Sarmisegetuza - the Spiritual Centre of the Dacians

Category: History / Transylvania / Sarmisegetuza

Sarmisegetuza - the Spiritual Centre of the DaciansOne of the most spectacular ancient settlements in Romania is the capital of the ancient kingdom of Dacia, Sarmisegetuza Regia or Sarmisegetuza Basileion. We are referring to a settlement compared by some Romanian historians with Stonehenge in Britain. Other historians consider it as the centre of the most intricate system of fortifications in Europe, outside the Greco-Roman world, the so- called "barbaric" world. Sarmisegetuza was the residence of the tragic king Decebalus, who was murdered or committed suicide after being defeated by the Romans. Sarmisegetuza was only conquered after a long siege, following the Roman invasions in the years 101-102 and 105-106, after the besiegers managed to destroy the system of pipes that was supplying water to the garrison defending the city. Sarmisegetuza’s demise equated with the symbolic disappearance of a people, and for the Romanians, this dramatic story resembles that of the fall of Troy.
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  • Views: 3377
  • Author: admin
  • Date: 4-02-2015, 19:03
4-02-2015, 19:03

The Probota Monastery - the Family Necropolis of Prince Petru Rareș

Category: History / Moldova / Probota

The Probota Monastery - the Family Necropolis of Prince Petru Rareș

A true monastic fortress rises in Probota. The monastery was founded in 1530 by Prince Petru Rareș, the son of Stephen the Great. From 1522, the church served as a royal necropolis. Here are buried the princes Petru Rareș and his son, Stephen Rareș, Petru's wife, Elena Rareș, and two noble offspring: Eftimia, daughter of Petru Rareș and Samfira, daughter of Stephen Rareș. The monastery was built in the vicinity of a wooden church, from the time of Prince Peter Muşatin, and a stone church, built by Prince Alexander the Good, where Lady Oltea, the mother of Stephen the Great, lies buried.
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  • Views: 3018
  • Author: admin
  • Date: 15-12-2014, 11:48
15-12-2014, 11:48

The Mystery of Pătrăuți’s Yellow Colour

Category: History / Moldova / Pătrăuţi

The Mystery of Pătrăuți’s Yellow ColourThe church of Pătrăuți, built in 1487 by the voivode Stephen the Great, holds the secret to a unique colour in the world. The Pătrăuţi Yellow is a sort of golden ocher, created by one of the Byzantine artists who fled here after the conquest of Constantinople by the Ottomans in 1453. According to the French Byzantinologist Andre Grabar, this was the artist George Trice. He settled in Moldova, where he had a pivotal influence on the Moldavian painting school. He died in 1530 in Moldova and is buried in St. George’s church in Hârlău. His most brilliant student was Toma of Suceava.
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  • Views: 3787
  • Author: admin
  • Date: 12-12-2014, 10:55
12-12-2014, 10:55

Costeşti - Citadel: the First Royal Residence of Dacia

Category: History / Transylvania / Costeşti Citadel

Costeşti - Citadel: the First Royal Residence of DaciaOne of the most important citadels in the history of the Dacian kingdom is the Costesti Fortress. Some historians believe that this would have been the first genuine royal residence used by Dacia’s monarchs. The fortress was built in the first century BC. After the capital was moved to Sarmisegetuza, the Dacian fortress in Costeşti - Citadel took over the role of the most important strategic defence element that protected the new capital. The fortress is built on the Grădiştea Water. The top plateau of the hill on which the fortification is raised has an altitude of 514 metres. The fortress also protected the civil settlement located at the foot of the hill, whose inhabitants could flee into the fortification, in case of danger. The defence also comprised additional elements.
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  • Views: 4964
  • Author: admin
  • Date: 8-12-2014, 15:37
8-12-2014, 15:37

The Arbore Church or How Moldavian Architecture Combines Oriental and Western Influences

Category: History / Moldova / Arbore

The Arbore Church or How Moldavian Architecture Combines Oriental and Western InfluencesOne of the most spectacular architectural monuments is the Moldavian Church Arbore. This place of worship combines the Byzantine tradition of worship sites with Western influences, filtered by the Catholic Poland. The church was built by the hetman Luca Arbore, the Moldavian army commander during the reign of Prince Stephen the Great, declared a saint by the Romanian Orthodox Church. Since 1993, this church is part of UNESCO’s world heritage. The founder of this church, Luca Arbore, was part of the high aristocracy of Moldova. His father was commander of the Neamt Fortress. In 1486, Luca Arbore became the commander of the garrison in the capital of Moldova, Suceava. He was one of the trusted men of Stephen the Great, and received the rank of hetman, namely, the army chief of the principality. He also held the position of commander under the reign of Stephen the Great's son, Bogdan the Blind. Then, he became regent of Moldova in the first period of the reign of Stephen the Great's grandson, Stefan Voda. However, later on, Stefan Voda killed Luca Arbore and his sons, Toader and Nichita, whom he accused of treason. Their memory is preserved in the old church of the village Arbore. Initially, it was an entire aristocratic residence, out of which only the church survived.