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  • Views: 2483
  • Author: admin
  • Date: 27-02-2015, 13:18
27-02-2015, 13:18

Saschiz, the Village of the Three Medieval Fortifications

Category: History / Transylvania

Saschiz, the Village of the Three Medieval Fortifications Saschiz has a most intriguing story. This South Transylvanian village was founded by the Székelys who colonized the area after the Hungarian Kingdom conquered Transylvania. At the time, Saschiz was placed under Saxon dominion, while the Székelys migrated to the Eastern Carpathians. Living under constant threat of Cuman, Mongol, Tatar, Turkish, Wallachian or Moldavian invasions, the residents of Saschiz built a genuine medieval citadel. In those days, Saschiz was known as the "Village of the seven churches." Not all have survived and nowadays the settlement is known as the village with three fortifications.
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  • Views: 2302
  • Author: admin
  • Date: 4-02-2015, 19:35
4-02-2015, 19:35

The Dacian Fortress of Băniţa

Category: History / Transylvania / Băniţa

The Dacian Fortress of BăniţaThe Dacian fortress in Băniţa has a peculiar configuration. The fortress leverages one of the most important points that dominate the Jiu Valley. Built during the reign of Burebista and fortified during the Dacian-Roman wars, the fortress was intended to protect the road to the capital of Dacia, Sarmisegetuza Regia.
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  • Views: 3638
  • Author: admin
  • Date: 4-02-2015, 19:25
4-02-2015, 19:25

Sarmisegetuza - the Spiritual Centre of the Dacians

Category: History / Transylvania / Sarmisegetuza

Sarmisegetuza - the Spiritual Centre of the DaciansOne of the most spectacular ancient settlements in Romania is the capital of the ancient kingdom of Dacia, Sarmisegetuza Regia or Sarmisegetuza Basileion. We are referring to a settlement compared by some Romanian historians with Stonehenge in Britain. Other historians consider it as the centre of the most intricate system of fortifications in Europe, outside the Greco-Roman world, the so- called "barbaric" world. Sarmisegetuza was the residence of the tragic king Decebalus, who was murdered or committed suicide after being defeated by the Romans. Sarmisegetuza was only conquered after a long siege, following the Roman invasions in the years 101-102 and 105-106, after the besiegers managed to destroy the system of pipes that was supplying water to the garrison defending the city. Sarmisegetuza’s demise equated with the symbolic disappearance of a people, and for the Romanians, this dramatic story resembles that of the fall of Troy.
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  • Views: 2641
  • Author: admin
  • Date: 12-12-2014, 10:55
12-12-2014, 10:55

Costeşti - Citadel: the First Royal Residence of Dacia

Category: History / Transylvania / Costeşti Citadel

Costeşti - Citadel: the First Royal Residence of DaciaOne of the most important citadels in the history of the Dacian kingdom is the Costesti Fortress. Some historians believe that this would have been the first genuine royal residence used by Dacia’s monarchs. The fortress was built in the first century BC. After the capital was moved to Sarmisegetuza, the Dacian fortress in Costeşti - Citadel took over the role of the most important strategic defence element that protected the new capital. The fortress is built on the Grădiştea Water. The top plateau of the hill on which the fortification is raised has an altitude of 514 metres. The fortress also protected the civil settlement located at the foot of the hill, whose inhabitants could flee into the fortification, in case of danger. The defence also comprised additional elements.
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  • Views: 3989
  • Author: sveat
  • Date: 21-11-2014, 02:01
21-11-2014, 02:01

Biertan - the Largest Peasant Fortress in Transylvania

Category: History / Transylvania / Biertan

Biertan - the Largest Peasant Fortress in TransylvaniaAccording to some historians, the village of Biertan was attested in 1224, in a diploma issued by King Andrew of Hungary. Biertan was then a part of the Two Seats Saxon administrative unit. At that time, Biertan was competing with Medias and Moşna to claim the residence title for these seats. The Saxon inhabitants of Biertan were settlers from the Franconia area of Germany. Biertan had lined up houses built around a central square, with the church-fortress located in the middle. Biertan had suffered during the great Mongol Invasion of 1241. This prompted its inhabitants to become involved in the Christians’ efforts of constructing a series of stone fortresses to stave off Mongol invasions.

In Biertan, the locals raised three rows of walls, reinforced with 6 towers and 3 bastions, which turned the church-fortress into one of the strongest fortifications in southern Transylvania. The settlement prospered, and as a sign of their wealth, the Biertan Saxons decided to rebuild the church in the centre, and dedicate it to Saint Mary. The construction was carried out between 1486 and 1524, following a late Gothic style. The three naves church in Biertan is the last of its kind built in Transylvania. The Saxons had hoped that they would acquire their own ecclesiastical hierarchy, given the almost permanent state of conflict between the Saxon clergy and the Roman Catholic Bishop of Alba Iulia. The failure to receive a proper bishop from the Catholic Church only encouraged the Saxons to adopt the religious reform. Biertan took full advantage of this phenomenon.
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