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  • Views: 3957
  • Author: admin
  • Date: 27-02-2015, 14:51
27-02-2015, 14:51

The Costeşti - Blidaru: Dacia’s Strongest Fortification

Category: History / Transylvania / Costeşti-Blidaru

The Costeşti - Blidaru: Dacia’s Strongest FortificationThe south of Transylvania is home to the strongest fortification across the kingdom of Dacia. Most likely, the fortress was built in two successive stages during the reign of Burebista and Decebalus, to serve first as a defense against the Celts, then against the Romans. First, a tower-house was built on the hill, at the altitude of 705 meters, by one of the local aristocrats, before the reign of Burebista. This king ruled between 82 and 44 BC and was assassinated in the same year as his great rival, Julius Caesar.
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  • Views: 2804
  • Author: admin
  • Date: 27-02-2015, 14:37
27-02-2015, 14:37

Valea Viilor or the Treasure of Saint Peter

Category: History / Transylvania / Valea Viilor

Valea Viilor or the Treasure of Saint PeterA remote village lost among the sunny hills of southern Transylvania hides a real treasure. It is the church of St. Peter in the village of Valea Viilor (Vine Valley). The story of the village begins in 1263, when the settlement was first documented. The village, colonized by Transylvanian Saxons, gathered serfs and peasants, subjects of the nobleman Apafi, who in 1305 left the village heritage to his son, Gregor. In the fourteenth century, Valea Viilor was a thriving community that decided to demolish the old Romanesque church, built by the early settlers, and instead build a new church in the Gothic style, dedicated to St. Peter.
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  • Views: 2921
  • Author: admin
  • Date: 27-02-2015, 14:34
27-02-2015, 14:34

Voroneț – The Sistine Chapel of the East

Category: History / Moldova / Voroneţ

Voroneț – The Sistine Chapel of the EastOne of Moldavia’s monasteries is so beautiful that art historians compared it to the Sistine Chapel. We are talking about the Voroneţ monastery, built by Prince Stephen the Great, proclaimed saint of the Orthodox Church, at the request of another Orthodox saint, Dani Hermit, the ruler’s advisor. At the heart of Voroneț lies a relatively modest-sized church, dedicated to St. George, which was built in 1488 in just three months and three weeks, a record for that time. Between 1488 and 1785, Voronet operated as a friary. After the monastic settlement was closed, the local parish took over the church. In 1991, the monastic life resumed as a convent for nuns.
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  • Views: 3005
  • Author: admin
  • Date: 27-02-2015, 14:28
27-02-2015, 14:28

Viscri – The White Church of Prince Charles of Great Britain

Category: History / Transylvania / Viscri

Viscri – The White Church of Prince Charles of Great BritainThe Viscri village in Braşov County has a touching story. The village founded by the Saxons in the Middle Ages almost became a ghost town under the rule of communist dictator Nicolae Ceausescu. Fortunately, the village was revived due to the help of His Royal Highness, Prince Charles of Wales, heir to the Crown of the United Kingdom.
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  • Views: 6426
  • Author: admin
  • Date: 27-02-2015, 14:22
27-02-2015, 14:22

Suceviţa or the Legend of the Sinful Woman

Category: History / Moldova / Suceviţa

Suceviţa or the Legend of the Sinful WomanThe legend of the founding of Suceviţa monastery says that all the stone required to raise the imposing structure was carried by a single woman and her oxen-drawn chariot for 30 years, in an attempt to redeem her sins. However, in reality, the monastery was founded by one of the most important aristocratic families in Moldova, Movilă, which gave the Moldavian and Wallachian people rulers, as well as Bishops for Moldova and Kiev.
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  • Views: 3250
  • Author: admin
  • Date: 27-02-2015, 14:19
27-02-2015, 14:19

Prejmer, the Fortress-Church of the Teutonic Knights

Category: History / Transylvania / Prejmer

Prejmer, the Fortress-Church of the Teutonic KnightsPrejmer is one of the few fortifications established by the Teutonic Knights, a crusading order, founded in the Holy Land, in the city of Accra, at the end of the twelfth century. In 1212, following the expulsion of the Crusaders from the Middle East, as a result of the Muslim conquest of the Holy Land, the Teutonic Knights were invited by King Andrew II of Hungary to take possession of the Bârsa Land, in south-east of Transylvania, and fight the Cuman and Mongol pagans.
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  • Views: 3348
  • Author: admin
  • Date: 27-02-2015, 14:12
27-02-2015, 14:12

Moldoviţa, the Most Beautiful Monastery Founded by Petru Rareș

Category: History / Moldova / Moldoviţa

Moldoviţa, the Most Beautiful Monastery Founded by Petru RareșOne of the most beautiful monasteries in Europe is the result of the collaboration between craftsmen from Moldova and Transylvania, during the rule of Petru Rareș, Prince of Moldavia, who also possessed major feuds in Transylvania. Moldoviţa Monastery is one of the most sublime expressions of the Moldavian Gothic architecture. In Moldoviţa, the first place of worship was built during the time of Prince Alexander the Good, in the early years of the fifteenth century. Nonetheless, this place of worship was destroyed, and in 1532, Petru Rareș decided to set up a new monastery, dedicated to the Annunciation.
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  • Views: 2773
  • Author: admin
  • Date: 27-02-2015, 13:57
27-02-2015, 13:57

The Humor Monastery, a Wonderful Aristocratic Establishment

Category: History / Moldova / Humor

The Humor Monastery, a Wonderful Aristocratic EstablishmentHumor is one of the most interesting monasteries in Moldova, founded by the great chancellor Toader Bubuiog. The church of the monastery was included on UNESCO’s list in 1993. The church is dedicated to both the Assumption of Mary and St. George, because it took over the patron of a prior place of worship. In the early Middle Ages, near today's Humor monastery, there was a monk hermitage which had a wooden church. During the reign of Alexander the Good (1400 - 1432), Humor’s feudal lord, the magistrate Ivan, built a stone church, and in 1473, Stephen the Great gave the church a Four Gospels Book, on which the prince is painted, while Mary offers him this book.
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  • Views: 8245
  • Author: admin
  • Date: 27-02-2015, 13:52
27-02-2015, 13:52

Dârjiu, the Only UNESCO Monument that Feeds its Inhabitants

Category: History / Transylvania / Dârjiu

Dârjiu, the Only UNESCO Monument that Feeds its InhabitantsIncluded in 1999, the church of Dârjiu is the only fortified Székely church on UNESCO’s world heritage list. The church was built after a Saxon model at the end of the thirteenth century. This stone church was provided with battlements and guard roads, which allowed the locals to fight the Tatar and Cuman invaders. The village of Dârjiu was first mentioned in a papal document issued in 1334.
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  • Views: 4425
  • Author: admin
  • Date: 27-02-2015, 13:45
27-02-2015, 13:45

Câlnic - from Noble Citadel to Fortress-Church

Category: History / Transylvania / Câlnic

Câlnic - from Noble Citadel to Fortress-ChurchCâlnic is one of the most interesting fortress-churches in southern Transylvania. It is one of several fortifications established here by the Saxons. The citadel was first mentioned in a document in the year 1267. More precisely, when one of greavii, a leader of the Saxon community, Chyl of Kelling, began the construction of a keep that would also serve as a tower-house. The keep was completed in 1272. The building, enlarged and strengthened, still stands today, and is known as the Siegfried Tower. The church of the village was built next to this medieval tower. Initially, the church was Roman Catholic, then Evangelical-Lutheran, serving both the noble Greava family of Kelling, as well as the community.